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Movie : The Killing Fields

“ a remarkable and deeply affecting film, is based upon a true story of friendship, loyalty, the horrors of war and survival, while following the historical events surrounding the US evacuation from Vietnam in 1975. The authentic-looking, unforgettable epic film, directed by Roland Joffe (his first feature film) and produced by David Puttnam (the Oscar victor three years earlier for Chariots of Fire (1981)), was shot on location in Thailand (and Canada). Cambodian doctor, non-actor Haing Ngor, in his film debut, was an actual survivor of the Cambodian holocaust. He was tortured and experienced the starvation and death of his real-life family during the actual historical events revisited in this film.”
The Killing Fields movie describes the story of an American journalist, Sydney Schanberg and Cambodian journalist, Dith Pran who covered the situation in Cambodia from the early entry of the Khmer Rouge. Until finally he was sent back to his country, while Pran, just like other Cambodians, he was forced to leave Phnom Penh and stayed in the village as farmers who has to work for sixteen hours a day.
During the control of Khmer Rouge, Pran disguised as a fool peasant who never get an education. This was done because Khmer is very hostile to educated people and the army will kill the people who used to work as doctors, teachers, etc. After several unsuccessful attempts, finally Pran success to escape. He walked a thousand miles, to the Cambodian border. And he met with his ​​best friend, Sydney.
Pol Pot as the sole ruler of Cambodia as it applies communist ideology, Marxism-Leninism. In which he strongly disagreed with the classless society, but he applies it in the extreme way. He forces the people who live in the city to work as farmers, food is given, and he removed the rights of individuals, Pol Pot also hostile to educated people, people who have power or influence, and the people who formerly worked as a staff of Lon Nol. So people with this group were killed. Pol Pot declared responsible for the death of two million Cambodians who died because of the removal of life, the workload is too heavy, hunger, and the pressure is too great given by the Khmer Rouge.
Movie review
There’s a strange thing about the stories and what we called on “real life”. One of the risks taken by THE KILLING FIELDS is to cut loose from that tradition, to tell us a story that does not have a traditional Hollywood structure, and to trust that we'll find the characters so interesting that we won't miss the cliché. It is a risk that works, and that helps make this into a really affecting experience.
This movie starts at the beginning of the journalistic coverage schanberg. Schanberg, played by Sam Waterston and Pran, played by Dr. Haing S. Ngor. I feel a strong friendship and loyalty among those characteristics.
The whole atmosphere of the film obtained in this work confirmed by an American photographer, played by John Malkovich as by a cross Between a dopehead and a hard-Bitten Newsman. He is not stirred to action very easily, and still less easily stirred to caring, but when an occasion rises (for example, the need to forge a passport for Dith Pran), he reveals the depth of his feeling. As the Khmer Rouge victory becomes inevitable, there are scenes of incredible tension, especially one in which Dith Pran saves the lives of his friends by some desperate fast talking with the cadres of adolescent rebels who would just as soon shoot them. Then there is the confusion of the evacuation of the U.S. Embassy and a last glimpse of Dith Pran before he disappears for four years.
The film is most effective when it takes leave of Mr. Schanberg and follows Mr. Dith's dogged attempts to stay alive after he leaves Phnom Penh. At one point he is put into a forced labor camp where he survives on lizards and scorpions and by sucking the blood from living water buffaloes. Though tortured, he refuses to die. There's a good but never fully developed sequence in which he's befriended by a provincial Khmer Rouge official who trusts Mr. Dith to get his small son to the safety of Thailand.
The movie is not easy to watch. The massacres by which the Khmer Rouge attempt to reduce the population to manageable size - and to change the character of the country - are graphically depicted. Prisoners, individually and in odd-lots, are shot casually. Sometimes they're simply beaten to death - it saves bullets. In a nightmare scene near the end, the exhausted Mr. Dith finds himself stumbling through a paddy field whose dikes are composed of human bones.
These are the days of Cambodian life alienated from other countries. he just coorperate with China and Switzerland. If we want to see from the concept of democracy, none of Pol Pot's policy which contains elements of democracy. The definition of democracy in the literal sense of the people in power, or also called by the Government by the people. According to the International Commission of Jurists in the Conference in Bangkok, democracy is a government where the rights in making political decisions made ​​by the people through representatives of their choice and their representatives accountable to the people who choose it.
And to adopt the concept of democracy in a government, there are requirements of Rule of Law to be implemented by the country:
  • Protection of constitutional, with the understanding that the constitution also regulates insurance against individual rights, and must determine how to obtain the protection of procedural rights are guaranteed.
  • Board judiciary is independent and impartial tribunal
  • The implementation of free elections
  • People are given the freedom to argue
  • The freedom to organize and opposition
  • Civil education (citizenship education provision)
But democracy has now changed. Not only cover the aspects of political and governmental systems, but also the social aspect, and a certain lifestyle.
However, not all countries adhere to these values​​, because it also depends on the historical development and political culture of the country itself. Niilai democratic values ​​are:
  • Using a peaceful way to resolve any dispute institutionalized
  • Ensuring peaceful change in a changing society
  • Conduct regular succession
  • meminimum the use of violence
  • receive diversity
  • Ensure the enforcement of justice
In conclusion, all the policy pursued by the Khmer Rouge under Pol Pot's rule, it is very contrary to democratic values​​.
Resoursces :

http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0087553/plotsummary
http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/killing_fields/
http://www.filmsite.org/kill.html
http://www.bookrags.com/essay-2004/5/23/94225/2896